Batteries are a necessary part of a motor vehicle and should not overlooked. Without a healthy battery, your vehicle stands still. We are to blame for how long they are able to support our vehicle. To extend their lifespan, we should properly maintain them. Maintenance free batteries are slowly taking on lead-acid batteries yet it is important to be aware that the basic principle remains to be the same. We will discuss every one of the important aspects of your battery in the following paragraphs.
How does an electric battery work?
Lead acid car batteries are energy storing devices composed of lead and lead dioxide plates. These plates are submerged into an electrolyte solution. The percentage of water is 65% and sulphuric acid contributes 35% to this particular solution. When the battery is utilized to start your vehicle, it gets discharged. The sulphuric acid inside electrolyte solution gets depleted leaving a larger proportion of water. The sulfate is returned for the acid over the charging process. The battery provides high current essential for starter motor to crank the engine of your vehicle. Once the engine begins, it is again recharged with the engine driven charging system. In this process, the alternator takes necessary energy in the rotation of engine by having a belt to charge up battery. When the engine is running, the alternator generates electricity to the electrical equipment of the vehicle.
What makes a cell weak?
When the vehicle is come across direct sunlight in summers for periods of time, it accelerates the whole process of corrosion and evaporates the electrolyte. This cuts down on life of your battery which makes it weaker. So, avoid getting the car heated by sunlight by parking within a suitable shade.
A battery should be fitted properly to protect yourself from any sort of vibrations. These vibrations above the time shake the plates around which experts claim make the internal connections lose. As a result, battery would not get properly charged.
Once you start the auto, ensure that you drive it for plenty of time for battery to get recharged again. The alternator will take time to recharge it after it’s released its energy while starting the engine. Otherwise, battery will stay undercharged which isn’t sufficient to produce high current to your starting motor.
Keeping the headlights or music system on whilst the engine is power down drains battery over the time. Avoid plugging within a charger for a longer amount of times to prevent it from discharging.
Corrosion on battery terminals is really as harmful towards the battery as whatever else. Always clean battery terminals carefully once or twice in a very month. Make sure to wear gloves and eye protection. The white powder on terminals is toxic and must not be permitted to come in contact with your skin layer.
Signs that indicate battery replacement:
There are a few signs that will indicate your battery is becoming weak and requirements a replacement.
The bright headlights of the auto become slightly dim if your engine is switched off.
The starter motor turns slowly when you start the automobile due for the low current provided by battery.
There are several visual signs that indicate it needs an alternative.
An internal short circuit or overcharging creates a swollen battery. If you see warning signs of bulging anywhere around the car battery, put it back.
Examine the car battery case carefully for virtually every damage for the battery case.
How to begin an engine that has a weak battery?
It will not be recommended to train on a weak battery. However, for unexpected expenses case, jumper cables works extremely well when you are stuck within your trip down the roadside. Always keep a couple of jumper cables inside your car if you think battery is not inside a supreme condition. Jumper cables help you jump start your motor vehicle with the help of another car. Although it is certainly a simple technique but safety measures need to be taken to stop any danger. Following steps will help you to jump-start the car:
Make sure both batteries have a similar voltage rating i.e. 12 V
Turn away from the ignition switch after parking it close enough towards the other car in neutral position.
Never jump a frozen battery. It can easily explode.
Wear rubber gloves and safety glasses.
Carefully identify and connect the positive terminals of both batteries to one another.
Make sure another end won’t touch car’s body to protect yourself from any dangerous spark.
Clamp the negative cable towards the negative terminal on the good battery.
Connect the opposite end with the negative cable with a metal portion of the car that has a weak battery.
Finally the start your vehicle with the good battery.
Give it 5-7 minutes to charge the weak battery.
Now start the ignition of the automobile with a weak battery.
Carefully get rid of the cables back order. Remove the negative cables first and then removing the positive cable from the auto with the good battery. In the end, take away the positive cable from the vehicle with a weak battery.
How to test battery’s health?
For proper upkeep of battery, schedule once a month to test the status from the battery. Nowadays there are tools that will help measure the present condition in the battery. Following are definitely the most commonly used tools for this specific purpose:
Battery load tester:
Battery load tester is needed to check the voltage rating with the running battery. It has a display meter with voltage readings nearly 16V along with it health indicator. It has bad and good probes. Inside, you will find there’s high current capacity coil which supplies the necessary load using a toggle switch. Battery voltage is usually tested easily by using these steps:
Turn off your vehicle engine.
Connect the positive probe of load tester while using positive terminal on the battery.
Similarly, connect the negative probe together with the negative terminal.
Make sure both probes are properly connected with battery terminals.
The meter will demonstrate a voltage reading in accordance with all the health from the battery.
Now, switch on the load toggle switch for 05-07 seconds to measure battery voltage on load.
A healthy battery ideally shows 12.5 volts.
If the meter needle deflects anywhere nearby the “weak” indication, immediately replace battery.
Safely get rid of the probes in the opposite direction order.
The hydrometer is yet another tool to measure the car battery health. It measures the precise gravity of electrolyte but could only be utilized on batteries with removable caps. Hydrometers will often have a built-in thermometer. Follow these basic steps to look at the remaining battery:
Start with removing caps from your top on the battery.
Dip the tip on the hydrometer inside the first cell from the battery.
Squeeze and release it from behind to allow the electrolyte enter the cylinder with the hydrometer.
Read the particular gravity of electrolyte as indicated.
Note the reading for everyone cells one after the other.
Make overview of readings with those one given on hydrometer.
Usually, readings between 1.265 and 1.299 indicate towards a charged battery. Any reading under this bracket show signs of an weak battery.
Another strategy to examine battery health is to employ a multimeter. This process is similar towards the one we used for it load tester.
How to replace an assortment?
A car battery is usually easily replaced in the home without any complication using these points:
Removing the previous battery:
Start with removing negative terminal of battery usually marked as black or with (-) symbol to protect yourself from any arcing while using wrench.
Disconnect the positive terminal usually marked as red or with (+) symbol.
Remove the “hold down clamp” of battery
Batteries tend to be heavy in weight so lift this carefully.
Clean battery tray whether it’s corroded.
Connecting new battery:
Carefully lift inside the new battery rolling around in its position.
Properly connect the “hold down clamp” first.
Connect it terminals in the opposite direction order by connecting the positive terminal first.
Connect the negative terminal from the battery.
Make sure the connections usually are not loose.
Battery should be fixed properly to prevent any vibrations.
Terminals must be in the clean condition.
Add some petroleum jelly on both terminals since it reduces particles corrosion.
The old battery could be sold to a cell shop where you have purchased the modern one. These car batteries can also be recycled to stop dangerous chemicals from getting yourself into the atmosphere. Old lead plates can even be recycled into a few other products.
How to keep your battery?
To extend it life, it must be well maintained. Schedule the repair off battery each month. It includes following few things:
Cleaning battery as well as its terminals:
Cleaning of an battery involves detaching the corrosion or any white powder in the terminals plus the surface on the battery. For this purpose, use hot water and convey a tablespoon of baking soda with it. Carefully remove the car battery (as stated in replacement section) Make sure the removable caps are properly tight. Always use rubber gloves as the white powder is toxic and may not be able to come in contact with the epidermis. Thoroughly apply the perfect solution is over battery case. Clean the terminals properly. Use a brush to achieve narrow spaces. Let the perfect solution is for a couple of minutes and wash it with cold water. The terminals will probably be corrosion free after that practice. Install the car battery back to its position carefully.
Inspection of Electrolyte level:
Electrolyte level inside battery power can be examined visually by taking out the caps on top in the battery. The lead plates has to be dipped properly in to the electrolyte solution. If you see a minimal level of electrolyte in any in the cells, then add water engrossed. Let the perfect solution is get mixed properly.
Using an electric battery charger/maintainer:
If the car is idle for years, use a cell charger to keep it properly charged. Batteries soon become dead unless you charge them. A battery charger might be of great help to help keep the desired voltage output from it. Usually, it is made in different modes depending on requirement i.e. charging, boost charging and maintainer. It can be used to keep battery voltage. Carefully plug inside the charger in a socket. Connect the positive cable while using positive terminal from the battery and negative cable on the negative terminal. Turn on the switch and let battery charge properly.
Always inspect the car battery before leaving on vacation. Overlooking the health of battery might give you trouble inside the middle of nowhere. A 10-15 minutes inspection may help you save a lot of time while having journey. If you know every other important aspect associated with batteries, do mention inside comments section below.